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Results Maize under film 2011

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Research and results 2011

The research in 2010/2011:

Furthermore, keeping a –scientifically substantiated– record of the environmental effects is a must: reducing N use and activating soil life by avoiding compaction caused by alternative processing times.  The latter is not only beneficial in terms of improving the soil structure; it also contributes to the agro-biodiversity, which includes fungi, bacterium and soil life. Less compaction means less damage to the soil life.

The search for more suitable (forage) maize varieties for this system is a long-term process. Fertilising and crop protection must be location specific.

The biodegradability of the type of film used on lighter soils was also too lengthy, which meant that other types had to be used for research purposes.

The research results must ultimately form an economic basis for the decisions to invest by all parties involved.

The results of the project Mais under film in 2011:

Click here for:
Summary of results_2011

Retrospect and results 2010-2011

Results starch and energy:

Starch 2011

Energy 2011

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Research comparing varieties Van Hall Larenstein

Research comparing varieties of corn under film 2011 – Van Hall Larenstein

In 2011 Hein-Willem Leeraar & Partners commissioned three students from Van Hall Larenstein to undertake research. The students, Chiel Sinnige, Mark Drenth en Edwin Logtenberg, did comparative research on the varieties of corn under film.

The most important findings:

Soil type
Best performing in 2011
Clay T83, Benicia
Sand P8000, Ronaldinio
Peat P8000, Award
Clay-upon-peat V43, Award

 

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Presentation NMI

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Manganese and Boron

Summary of the results Manganese and Boron 2011

Click here for the report:
Manganese Boron

Objective: Can the availability of manganese and boron in the soil be determined more precisely to achieve improved fertilizer recommendations.

Several soil samples and parameters have been analysed during this study. The most relevant results can be seen in tables 1,2 and 3. The results show that the soluble fraction of Boron (say readily available) average approximately 3% of the total B amount present in the soil (with a range of 1.2%-10%) whereas the total of reactive B (say the amount that can be post-delivered) averaged 9% of the total amount of Boron present in the soil.

The soluble fraction was also low in the case of Manganese, ca 5% but the range was much greater. The lowest values were found in Kooiker in Grijpskerk, where the soluble fraction was only 0.04% of the total (the reason for this is the high pH of the soil). On the other hand, the highest fraction of Manganese was found at Van Emst, Tijnje; 17.34% (this soil has the lowest Ph value and a fair amount of organic matter). The total reactive values for Manganese will be considered in more detail as it is likely that the standard methods used in the lab (0.43M HNO3 extraction) are not adequate for this particular metal. A new method of determination is considered as a replacement to traditional chemical analysis.

In figure 1 the correlation between the amount of soil soluble Manganese and the concentration in the plant tissue can be seen. There is a clear positive relationship but with an R2 value of 0.42 it remains only an indication and no firm conclusions can be drawn. In the case of Boron, (figure 2) there is no clear correlation between the soluble Boron in the soil versus the concentration in the plant tissue. We can see that similar amounts of soluble Boron were found in the plant tissue with different amounts of soluble Boron in the soil. This is an indication that the inclusion of Boron is not determined by the amount of soluble Borum in the soil.

*Note Leeraar, projectleader Maize under film 2009-2011: Boron as stated on the current soil survey concerns the water soluble portion of Boron. So readily available to the plant. Firstly, a significant safety margin is applied. Secondly, there is no direct correlation with low values when strewn. Possibility is that the reactive amount of Boron (post-delivery dose during the growing season) has a high value. Currently this has not (yet) been researched.

**For questions on this article, please contact Dr. W. Bussink, NMI Wageningen, mentor of this research